Sobota, 18 listopada 2017 ENGLISH VERSION
 Szukaj
"Powinniśmy postawić się na miejscu podmiotu, który próbuje odnaleźć drogę swojego życia na tym świecie , a przede wszystkim powinniśmy pamiętać, że to otoczenie pod którego jest wpływem i do którego się dostosowuje, stanowi jego Świat, a nie obiektywny Świat nauki."

W.I. Thomas
i
F. Znaniecki

Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej
2007
Tom III Numer 2


Author - Supplied Abstracts and Keywords


  Anna Kacperczyk
       Uniwersytet Łódzki, Polska

The investigator and his/her explorations in "Situational Analysis" by Adele E. Clarke

The paper presents new way of qualitative data analysis developed by Adele E. Clarke (2003, 2005) called “situational analysis”. Clarke’s project aims to further and regenerate grounded theory methodology after postmodern turn and shift it toward constructivist epistemology. There were presented main theses of Clarke’s approach in the article: critique of traditional grounded theory, grounded theorizing project using situational maps, social words/arenas maps and positional maps. The author of the article discusses reviewed approach, considering epistemological status of “situation” as a key concept in Clarke’s project, focusing on context instead of actions, introducing nonhuman actants into analysis and the problem of pre- conceptualization.

Keywords:
Situational analysis, grounded theory, constructivism, postmodern turn, theorizing, diagramming, situational maps, social worlds/arenas maps, positional maps, data, codes, elements of situation, human and non-human actants, pre-conceptualization, context, situation.
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  Kamil Miszewski
       Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska

When a researcher is a secret agent. On undercover participant observation as an ethic problem, quantitative and qualitative research methods, social scene (life) backstage dimensions and it’s connection to what’s written above

The article focuses on ethically sensitive matter, that’s using undercover participant obsevation as a sociological method. Do we always have to inform people, that they’ve become a research target (object), or maybe, in some cases, it’s better when we don’t? Knowing about being put under researchers eye people can subconsciously and consciously determine the results of research. Sometimes this influence is so intense, that it falsifies the truth. If it happens – when there’s a threat of violation of ethical norms - can we still use techniques, that aren’t udredcover? And can we surely state, that solely using undercover observation is an infringement of ethical norms? Or maybe, to a larger extend, it depends on what outcomes we decide to reveal? But even here we meet problems: if we consider unethical revealing somebody’s personal life secrets, that we became aware of unintencionally and this facts are not connected in any sense to conducted research, can we then consider unethical for example portraying a clerk as a “black sheep” when research conclusions forcibly show it, even if such our actions can seriously do bad for this person?
Polish sociology avoids filds of research, that require facing such dilemmas, therefore, according to some (very few) sociologists, it lost the ability to give reliable opinions about today’s, transformational reality, in which to carry out research standard methods no longer can be used and undercover work is a sort of basic way of acting in this reality.

Keywords:
sociological research ethics; undercover participant observation, backstage dimensions of social scene; research methods adequacy to the type of reality under sociological investigation; reliability of research conclusions.
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  Katarzyna Sztop-Rutkowska
       Uniwersytet w Białymstoku, Polska

Windings of Dialogue.Poles and Jews in the press discourse in Bialystok (1919 – 1939)

This article presents how the discourse analysis can be used in the ethnic studies. The theoretical base of this study is developed with two varieties of Critical Discourse Analysis: the Vienna School (R. Wodak) and cognitive-oriented approach (T. van Dijk). The study is concerned with the press discourse of Polish-Jewish relations in the interwar Bialystok.

Keywords:
discourse, nation, ethnic relations, ethnic conflict, cooperation, discursive strategies, anti-Semitism, Polish-Jewish relations .
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  Piotr Chomczyński
       Uniwersytet Łódzki, Polska

The conditions of initiating the actions of defence by mobbed workers

The main aim of this paper is to present conditions connected with defense actions taken by people mobbed at workplace. We touch the mobbing issue from the symbolic interactionism perspective, so we take into account definitions of situations created by victims. We also use the grounded theory as a methodological perspective for our analyses. Our research base on qualitative methods like: narrative and semi-structured interviews and also covert participant observation and documents’ analyses.

Keywords:
mobbing, bullying, harassment at workplace, qualitative methods, grounded theory
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  Robert Prus
       University of Waterloo, Kanada

Drinking as activity. An interactionist analysis

Alcohol consumption in bars is studied not as a personal or cultural variable but as a social activity. The effect on alcohol consumption of bar staff and entertainers, bar policies, other patrons and the drinking setting is discussed. [1983; Journal of Studies on Alcohol 44(3): 460]

Keywords:
symbolic interactionism, activity, interaction, alcohol consumption
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