Sobota, 18 listopada 2017 ENGLISH VERSION
 Szukaj
"Powinniśmy postawić się na miejscu podmiotu, który próbuje odnaleźć drogę swojego życia na tym świecie , a przede wszystkim powinniśmy pamiętać, że to otoczenie pod którego jest wpływem i do którego się dostosowuje, stanowi jego Świat, a nie obiektywny Świat nauki."

W.I. Thomas
i
F. Znaniecki

Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej
2009
Tom V Numer 2


Author - Supplied Abstracts and Keywords


  Marek Gorzko
       University of Szczecin, Poland

Space, body, ego: lines of activity of "tourist teams"

This paper presents the results of empirical study on interactions between people involved in tourism. The paper adresses one of the most important condition those interactions: experience of "tourist teams".
Using the grounded theory methodology, the lines of activity of "tourist teams" and four basic strategies underpinning them are distinguished. These strategies are: an "assimilation" of resources rendered-accessible-space by "trying on", an interpretation by "body-operation" and using a "new" context for interpreting an "old" one. The fourth strategy, relatively independent of rendered-accessible-space is a "fun".
The paper addresses some consequences of lines of activity established by "tourist teams" for identities of the team's members.

Keywords:
"tourist team"; tourist experience; lines of group activity
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  Katarzyna Szkuta
       University of Warsaw, Poland

Talking shit. The ritual aspects of involvement display in conversation: an example from radio

In phone-ins on morning radio programs one can observe the presence of different ritual means which enable the host and the caller to build a rapport. These conversations are created for an overhearing audience, i.e. listeners at home who expect that the host will address the callers in a friendly and informal way. However, all radio talks are dependent on the institutional context of broadcasting and necessarily include specific features typical of formal talk. The author of the article claims that the "friendly on-air chat" has, in spite of many demonstrations of intimacy between the hosts and the callers, a clearly professional character and shows how the hosts use the elements of high-involvement style to create the effect of bonding with the audience.

Keywords:
conversation analysis, interactional sociolinguistic, high-involvement style, involvement in conversation, ritual analysis of conversation
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  Martyna Pryszmont-Ciesielska
       University of Wrocław, Poland

The hidden curriculum of physical non-didactical space of the university

The article focuses on issues concerning the hidden curriculum of physical space where university education is realizing. In the first part I will attempt to describe the hidden curriculum in the context of physical non-didactical space of the university. I will refer to selected authors and studies in this area, and then I will present the examples of mostly English studies that have been conducted in this field. The next part of the article will emphasize the methodological issues. I will start with defining the research problems – setting the questions about the hidden curriculum relating to the organization of selected elements of physical non-didactical space of the university i.e. the entrance to the building, staircases, hallways, halls. Afterwards I will present the selected pattern and method of research – the qualitative research orientation with a reference to the activity of taking photographs in order to gather empirical material. The analysis of visual data will provide me with a base for research conclusions as an attempt to answer the research problems.

Keywords:
the hidden curriculum, physical space of the university, university, qualitative research, photography, autobiographical researcher’s perspective, qualitative analysis
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  Katarzyna Kolbowska
       The Graduate School for Social Research, Poland

The Brazilian martial-art dance capoeira. Using qualitative techniques in the qualitative research of the capoeristas group.

Capoeira is a Brazilian martial-art dance. Capoeira combines elements of dance, folklore, martial arts, sport, ritual and training for unarmed combat. Many Brazilians regard it as a vital Afro-Brazilian contribution to their native culture. The genesis of this martial dance was said to have been a style that sprang up in the huts of Brazilian slaves. According to legend, capoeira back then was a series of blows requiring great physical strength. It constituted a rural style that enabled one to avoid the aggression of slave masters and slave hunters.
From the outset, my research conception was based on the assumption that the study I was launching was of a pioneering nature. The objective of this study was to create a full picture of capoeira in Poland
. My choice of a research method was influenced by the awareness that I was dealing with a ‘niche’ community, a totally new phenomenon that has yet to entrench itself in Polands’ popculture landscape.
Anna Wyka believes that:
When planning to study communities that are little known in a given society and radically depart from the ordinary, the researcher should predispose himself to a largely exploitative type of study and map out the research process accordingly. Such had to be the nature of qualitative research on alternative, pattern-setting communities, a socio-cultural phenomenon that emerged in the latter half of the 1970s as a total novelty. (…) Research into communities of that type appears necessary and cognitively attractive.
The interpretive (qualitative, humanistic) paradigm, which runs counter to the normative (quantitative, positivistic) type, takes the humanistic coefficient into account. Introduced by Florian Znaniecki, that term refers to the significance of ascribing to people the phenomena they have personally experienced. The researcher therefore strives to adopt their point of view.

Keywords:
Participant Obserwation; Observer; Non-Directive Interview; Interviewing as a Dialog; Movement Participants; Neotribalism; Group Slang; Anthropology of Everyday Life
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  John Grady
       Wheaton College, USA

Visual Research at the Crossroads

The author argues that visual methods are at the crossroads. They can remain in a niche or move into the mainstream by also addressing all people using visual materials. In the social sciences, visual methods encompass photography, video, and graphic representations. With respect to the visual, one has to note that all interpretations that are ontologically dependent on photography require more interpretation. "Looking at" means "being framed by," and this means also the picture maker who is also considered to be a viewer. For the social sciences, pictures provide us with personal insights as well as with a personal record of spatial and social relationships. On this basis one may raise questions like "how pattern variations occur over time?"; "how are social processes organized?", or "what is the role of emotion in social life?" These are issues, the author continues, to which visual data can contribute. It may be added that methodological discussion should, however, besides the areas of visual data generation, analysis and interpretation also include solutions for the problem of communicating research findings. Some of these questions can be approached via controlled photo-observation, photo-elicitation techniques and imagery provided by the subjects themselves. Finally, the author turns to the question of what remains to be done? Here, he delineates three main areas: (1) evaluating the theoretical and conceptual basis of visual research; (2) creating public databases for the development and testing of theories; (3) defining "best practices" for visual research.

Keywords:
visual methods; photography; visual data; methodology; communicating research findings; photo elicitation; video data; interpretation
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  Giampietro Gobo
       University of Milan, Italy

Crafting Blindness: Its Organizational Construction in a First Grade School

This article is based on a case study conducted in an Italian primary school where the interactions between a sightless girl (named Jasmine, aged 8) and her classmates were extensively observed. The initial aim was to understand and describe the problems encountered by the sightless pupil, who acted in a social, organizational and physical environment which was not designed for handicapped people. However, other theoretical issues emerged during the research. The main finding was that sightlessness seems socially and organizationally constructed before it becomes a biological/physical handicap. The organizational processes through which the blindness is slowly and routinely constructed were extensively described.

Keywords:
Blindness; Social construction; Disability studies; Organization; Grounded theory; Ethnomethodology; Ethnography; Ergonomics
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  Barbara Fatyga
       University of Warsaw, Poland

Performance of a painting (On the example of nature depictions in works of Jaga Karkoszka)

The paper presents selected issues on the methodology of analysis of iconic messages drawing on the examples of paintings of Jaga Karkoszka. The analysis is based on the motive of interrelations between nature and culture. The author’s approach is enrooted in late works of the Tartu School (esp. Jurij Lotman and Zara Minc), methods devised by Ervin Panofsky and contemporary ideas existing in aesthetics. Main thesis of the article states that notions applied by Roland Barthes to study photography (punctum and studium) are useful in analysis of other types of images.

Keywords:
Visual sociology; visual anthropology; aesthetics; nature; culture; image; iconic message; studium; punctum
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