Sobota, 18 listopada 2017 ENGLISH VERSION
 Szukaj
"Powinniśmy postawić się na miejscu podmiotu, który próbuje odnaleźć drogę swojego życia na tym świecie , a przede wszystkim powinniśmy pamiętać, że to otoczenie pod którego jest wpływem i do którego się dostosowuje, stanowi jego Świat, a nie obiektywny Świat nauki."

W.I. Thomas
i
F. Znaniecki

Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej
2008
Tom IV Numer 1


Author - Supplied Abstracts and Keywords


  Marek Dziewierski
       Uniwersytet Śląski, Polska

Spiritual Life and Ethnic Symbols

Since 1947, most of Ukrainians in Poland live in diasporas. This situation has a great significant for symbolical organization of space, reconstruction national culture, spiritual life and their identification with the group.
The paper is based on the empirical study of Ukrainian communities conducted in two regions, south eastern and north eastern of Poland.
The Ukrainians in research work areas have developed a national identity. Their self-definition is based mainly on religious differences: Greek Catholic or Orthodox. Religion has also become an important element of ethnic mobilization of the communities under consideration. In particular the Greek Catholic takes religious and sacred object not only element spiritual life bat also space of patriotic staging and localization national values. This can be seen for example in more elements of local landscape how new shrines have been built, there are new monuments, memorial crosses and other signifying practices. All this practices are coincides with the event the revival of the Greek Catholic Church ( also called in Poland the Uniate Church ), both in the institutional and spiritual sense after 1989.

Keywords:
Greek Catholicism, Ukrainian minority, ideological landscape, sacred place, ethnic myth, signifying practices, ethnic mobilization.
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  Paulina Jędrzejewska
       Uniwersytet Warszawski, Polska

Anthropological image analysis in the example of photography.

The article presents photography as a method of anthropological analysis, which undergoes interpretation while the interaction with the viewer is taking place. In the first part I concentrate on theoretical assumptions which focus on anthropological problems of the picture, especially semiology. Then, I describe the informants and the tools used – photography and research techniques: definitions of semantic fields; associations’ map and Robert Plutchik’s emotional model. The only formal criterion of the photographic samples was a common occurrence of a man and an animal. The material under analysis in this article, obtained during the interviews, concerns Krzysztof Hejke’s photograph Łódzkie podwórko from 1988. Out of the ten photographs chosen, this was the one that was found most interesting by the interviewed. I analyzed it considering emotions and associations it evoked and I constructed definitions of semantic fields of the photographic concept. I also discussed interpretations of the photograph, conducted taking the author’s intentions into account. In the last part of this text I present conclusions that may serve as a be a basis for future research.

Keywords:
Qualitative analysis, interpretation, visual anthropology, semiology, symbolic interactionism, projection, indepth interiew, Rorschach’s test, associations’ map, semantic fields, Robert Plutchik’s emotional model.
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  Krzysztof T. Konecki
       Uniwersytet Łódzki, Polska

Touching and gesture exchange as an element of emotional bond construction. Application of visual sociology and grounded theory in the research of human and non-human animals interaction.

The paper deals with a problem of analysis of interactions between humans and animals. The author presents his research in which he analyzed transcription of video interactions between humans and animals. The observation of gestures exchanges allows to reconstruct the social rituals (greetings and farewells) and others forms of associations (play, spontaneous expressions of emotions, bathing, reposing, walking, fighting during walks, feeding, indulgent castigation, giving medications, setting the form of interaction – negotiation), which create emotional and social bonds. The analysis of visual data gives the possibility to research corporality and direct interactions of 'bodies' in a sequential exchange of gestures that is the basic dimension of emotional and social bond's creation and finally a construction of "family identity'. The grounded theory methodology has been used in the research and analysis of data process.

Keywords:
Human – animals interactions, visual sociology, video recordings, visual data analysis and grounded theory methodology, intentionality, intersubjectivity, body, corporality, social associacions, play.
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  Aleksandra Dzik
       Uniwersytet Jagielloński, Polska

Woman In The Male World – Conflict Or Cohesion Of Roles? Examples of mountaineering, skimountaineering and adventure racing

The article raises the topic of the relation between female roles and sports roles on the example of the collectivity of women who professionally do sports that are commonly associated rather with masculinity than with femininity: mountaineering, skimountaineering and adventure racing. Traditionally, and to some extent also nowadays, professional sport is connected with male roles. Many autors claim that demands of sports are incompatible with demands of socially defined female roles. As a result female athletes face the role conflict which is exceptionally strong in disciplines which maintained their “male” character until now. The aim of the research described in this article was to show the issue of conflict or cohesion between femininity and professional sport from the perspective of women active in “male” sports mentioned above. The research was based on the methodology of grounded theory. As a result author intended to show the topic “from inside”, referring to the humanistic factor and showing the complexity of the problem. Various types of material were used in the research: opinions of female athletes themselves, referringo to whether it is possible to accomodate being a woman and alpinist, skialpinist or adventure racer, and, on the other side, their own biographies and personal experiences referring to this issue.

Keywords:
woman, sport, „male” sports, mountaineering, skialpinism, adventure racing
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  Markieta Domecka
       Katholieke Universiteit Leuven
  Adam Mrozowicki
       Katholieke Universiteit Leuven

Workers and business people: Occupational career patterns and social change in Poland

The paper presents the results of a research on the occupational careers followed by workers and business people in the period of deep social change in Poland after 1989.
The concepts of career, resources, and biographical work enabled the investigation of interaction between ‘objective’ and ‘subjective’ aspects of occupational life. The application of grounded theory methodology for the analysis of over two hundred narrative interviews with contemporary Polish workers and business people enabled us to go beyond the analysis of individual cases and to reconstruct a typology of careers. The patterns of ‘anchor’, ‘patchwork’, and ‘construction’ go crosswise the divisions determined by the discourse of ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ of system transformation, the organizational hierarchy and stratification. The pattern of construction career, long-term planned and most rewarded in the new reality, turns out to be hardly accessible for most of workers, small entrepreneurs and low-level managers. In consequence, the objective inequalities on the level of possessed resources are translated into biographical processes leading to the ‘naturalisation’ of chaotic patchwork career and the ‘work on position’ within a career well anchored in one company.

Keywords:
Occupational careers, capitals, postsocialism, social change, biographical method, grounded theory, workers, business milieu
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  Piotr Chomczyński
       Uniwersytet Łódzki, Polska

Mobbing as an interaction.

The main aim of this paper is to present some aspects of mobbing from the symbolic interactionist standpoint. In the centre of my analyses are interactions between mobber and victim but also including interactions between both of them and the other co-workers. The conclusions presented in this paper base on my research conducted in years 2004 – 2007. I used qualitative methods, the technique of narrative interview toward victims and semi structured interview toward specialists who professionally take care of mobbing victims. The conceptual and analytical work base on grounded theory assumptions.

Keywords:
Mobbing, bullying, violence at workplace, grounded theory, qualitative methods
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