Sobota, 18 listopada 2017 ENGLISH VERSION
 Szukaj
"Powinniśmy postawić się na miejscu podmiotu, który próbuje odnaleźć drogę swojego życia na tym świecie , a przede wszystkim powinniśmy pamiętać, że to otoczenie pod którego jest wpływem i do którego się dostosowuje, stanowi jego Świat, a nie obiektywny Świat nauki."

W.I. Thomas
i
F. Znaniecki

Przegląd Socjologii Jakościowej
2010
Tom VI Numer 2


Author - Supplied Abstracts and Keywords


  Krzysztof Konecki
       University of Łódź, Poland

Visual Grounded Theory. Teaching Grounded Theory by Images and Visual Analysis

TThe paper is based on personal 20-year experience of teaching qualitative methods and methodology of grounded theory.
In the following paper I would like to show the usefulness of visual analysis in teaching methodology of grounded theory. A very important tool is sequencing of pictures which gives a comparative insight into empirical data and teaches the comparative method. Students can learn how to compare and find patterns in empirical instances which have visual character. Some of the sequences show stages of action and the sequence which is a linear representation of activity. In other case, the sequences of pictures given to students are not planned. They are almost accidentally created and force students to find patterns by means of the comparative analysis. We should always know what was happening before a picture was taken as well as afterwards, it is similar to sequences analysis in textual data (Silverman, 2007: 61 –84; 146).
Students are also encouraged to saturate categories using data from photos. This helps them to proceed with the research from empirical incidents to conceptually elaborated properties of categories and finally to the definition of category. They also get familiar with the procedure of saturating category. In this way they learn visual grounded theory, that is using the visual images for generating categories, properties and hypotheses.

Keywords:
Visual Grounded Theory; Homelessness; Photography; Visual Sociology; Qualitative Data Analysis; Visual Processes; Teaching Qualitative Methods; Qualitative Sociology.
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  Barbara Jabłońska
       Jagiellonian University, Poland

TV Spectacle or Rational Debate? Analysis of the Key-words and Argumentation Strategies About EU in Chosen Political Programmes of Public Television (TVP1)

The aim of the paper is to consider the problem of political and public communication in selected television debates. In particular, there have been analyzed the strategies of argumentation and vocabulary used in the debates. The main question of the article refers to the problem of the quality of political debates: are they a kind of ritual spectacle, or are they based on rational argumentation? The whole consideration has been based on Critical Discourse Analysis (CDA). The most important goal of CDA is to reveal the structures of dominance and power located in language.
Keywords:
Debate; Discourse; Critical Discourse Analysis; Deliberative Democracy; Strategies of Argumentation; Pseudo-communication; Symbolic Power
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  Agnieszka Kołodziej-Durnaś
       University of Szczecin, Poland

The Autobiography of Alice Salomon - Process Structures of Biography and the Fate of German Nation

In the article the issue of process structures in the autobiography of Alice Salomon and a relation between biographical and collective trajectory. Besides the introductory information on the pioneer of social work in Germany herself and her international career in organizations of women’s movement in the article the analysis of process structures in her autobiography is presented together with theoretical inspirations, methodological remarks and data on the text. In contrast to the analysis of autobiographical utterances of Rudolph Höss enclosed in three articles by M.Czyżewski and A.Rokuszewska-Pawelek, which to some extent constituted the pattern of construction of the plot, the analysis of Alice Salomon autobiography allows to notice the situation when the collective trajectory does not absorb individuals but makes them build their own identity by means of biographical projects despite experiencing suffering associated with the collective trajectory. By the comparison of R.Höss and A.Salomon autobiographies an attempt was made to emphasize the complexity of the German nation’s fate of the Nazi period.

Keywords:
Trajectory; Fritz Schütze; Autobiography; Biographical Method; Women’s Liberation Movement; Individual Trajectory; Collective Trajectory
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  Barney G. Glaser
with the assistance of Judith Holton
       The Graduate School for Social Research, Poland

Remodeling Grounded Theory

This paper outlines my concerns with Qualitative Data Analysis' (QDA) numerous remodelings of Grounded Theory (GT) and the subsequent eroding impact. I cite several examples of the erosion and summarize essential elements of classic GT methodology. It is hoped that the article will clarify my concerns with the continuing enthusiasm but misunderstood embrace of GT by QDA methodologists and serve as a preliminary guide to novice researchers who wish to explore the fundamental principles of GT.

Keywords:
Grounded Theory; Qualitative Data Analysis; Constant Comparative Method; Theoretical Sensitivity
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  Stephanie Taylor
       Open University, UK
  Karen Littleton
       Open University, UK

Biographies in Talk: A Narrative-Discursive Research Approach

This paper demonstrates the contribution a synthetic narrative-discursive approach can make to understanding biographical work within a research interview. Our focus is on biographical work as part of the ongoing, interactive process through which identities are taken up. This is of particular interest for people who, for example, are entering a new career and can be seen as 'novices' in the sense that they are constructing and claiming a new identity. Following a discussion of the theoretical and methodological background in narrative, discourse analytic and discursive work in social psychology (e.g. Bruner, 1990; Edley, 2001; Potter and Wetherell, 1987; Wetherell, 1998), the paper presents an analysis of biographical talk from an interview study with postgraduate Art and Design students. Our interest is in their identity work, including biographical work, as novices in their fields. The analysis illustrates the approach and the key analytic concepts of, first, shared discursive resources, such as interpretative repertoires (e.g. Edley 2001) and canonical narratives (e.g. Bruner 1991), and, secondly, troubled identities (e.g. Wetherell and Edley, 1998; Taylor 2005a) . It shows how speakers' biographical accounts are shaped and constrained by the meanings which prevail within the larger society. For our participants, these include established understandings of the nature and origins of an artistic or creative identity, and the biographical trajectory associated with it. The particular focus of our approach is on how, in a speaker's reflexive work to construct a biographical narrative, the versions produced in previous tellings become a constraint and a source of continuity.

Keywords:
Narrative-discursive, Discursive Resources; Identity Trouble; Creative Identities; Novice Identities
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